Digestive Disease Center

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Diseases of the Colon and Rectum

Visit our Colon and Rectum page.

Anal Stenosis

Anal stenosis is when the anal opening is too small, or that it does not relax or open properly. This may need to be treated with surgery that brings a flap of skin down to enlarge the anal opening. Read more

Colonic Inertia

Colonic inertia is where the muscles or nerves in the colon fail to operate normally. This prevents feces from exiting through the rectum and can lead to constipation. Read more

Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer forms in the mucosa lining of the bowel and can cause a number of bowel symptoms depending on the position of the cancer. A physician will need to perform a number of tests to determine the appropriate diagnosis. Read more

Crohn's Disease/Ulcerative Colitis

Crohn's Disease is a form of colitis that affects the gastrointestinal tract from the mouth to the anus. It occurs most commonly in the lower part of the small intestine and colon. Ulcerative Colitis causes inflammation only in the mucosal lining of the colon and does not affect the small intestine or the stomach. Read more

Diverticulosis/Diverticulitis

Diverticulosis is when small sacs or pouches form in the wall of the colon. The sacs are caused by high pressures within the colon and can occur when there is enough fiber in the bowel movement. Diverticulitis is an inflammation of these sacs due to infection that causes pain or tenderness to the touch. Read more

Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

FAP is an inherited condition that primarily affects the large intestine (colon and rectum). With a 50% chance of passing the condition on from one generation to the next, this disease is very common for families that are affected by it. Read more

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

IBS is a condition in which the bowels do not function properly, leading to changes in bowel movements, bloating, cramping, plus other possible symptoms. It is not the same as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Read more

Polyps

Polyps are small growths on the inner colon lining that look like warts. It is not known exactly how polyps form, but it has to do with changes that occur as the old lining gets rubbed off and new lining grows. Read more

Rectal Descent

Rectal descent is a physical, mechanical problem when a person has a great difficulty emptying their rectum. This problem can be related to childbirth. If medical treatment fails, it can be corrected with surgery. Read more

Page last updated 06/05/2014.
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